Can a person with one kidney donate blood? Here’s what doctors have to say | Health

Blood donation takes place in three steps: donor registration, medical examination and screening and blood collection/phlebotomy and while the whole process takes about an hour, the actual procedure of blood donation takes less than 10 minutes. Maintaining adequate blood supply is a constant challenge due to its short shelf life, as many patients require a specific type of blood, but sometimes blood centers have sufficient supplies of one blood type while experiencing a critical shortage of another type.

Therefore, blood donation is a noble act that can save many lives and any healthy person can donate blood – men can safely donate once every three months, while women between the ages of 18 and 65 can donate every four months. Medications do not necessarily disqualify you as a blood donor, but the reason you are prescribed medications may disqualify you.

As to whether a person with one kidney can donate blood, Dr. Rashna Pochara, Blood Transfusion Officer at Masina Hospital Blood Center, in an interview with HT Lifestyle: “Although a person with one normally functioning, healthy kidney may not have any medical problems, the person’s kidney still performs the function of two kidneys. that are necessary for filtration in a normal, healthy adult. This could lead to kidney strain in the future. To avoid further strain on the kidney, it is better to avoid blood donation for people with only one kidney.”

We all have two kidneys, but very few people in the population have a single kidney. dr. Shruti Tapiawala, consultant nephrologist and kidney transplant physician at Mumbai’s Global Hospital, listed the conditions under which one can have a single kidney:

1. People who have a single kidney at birth,

2. People who have donated one kidney to relatives with a kidney problem or who have had one kidney removed for medical reasons.

3. Have had a kidney transplant and have one functioning kidney

She emphasized: “If one kidney is removed for donation or disease, the function of the remaining kidney increases by 20-30% as a result of a process known as ‘compensatory hypertrophy’. In general, a person with one kidney can live normally when the kidney function is normal, which also means that he or she can perform and participate in all activities as a person with two normal kidneys. Anyone who is in good health, even with one kidney, can donate blood.”

However, she pointed out that one may temporarily not be able to donate blood in the following circumstances:

1. Pregnancy

2. Acute fever

3. Recent Alcohol Intake

4. Recent Piercings or Tattoos

Following are some circumstances where blood cannot be donated at any time:

1. Cancer

2. Severe Lung Disease

3. Viral infections such as HIV, HBsAg and Anti HCV or other communicable infections

4. Chronic Alcoholism

dr. Shruti Tapiawala claimed, “Everyone should be encouraged to donate blood as even modern science cannot make blood and it is life-saving liquid tissue that can be safely donated without harming the donor. Both men and women can safely donate blood with an interval of 3-4 months if they are healthy and do not meet the above conditions.”

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