Migraine is a neurological disorder usually characterized by a pulsating or throbbing pain on one side of the head and the aim is to reduce this pain, however, given the intensity of the pain, lack of awareness is a major cause of migraine aggravation in patients. In India, more than 213 million people suffer from this disease, most of whom probably do not know that migraine, although a chronic disease, is treatable and manageable.
Migraine sufferers resort to over-the-counter pain relievers and ignore persistent symptoms, reducing the likelihood of early intervention. It is important to see a neurologist to get the condition under control at the right time and prevent it from progressing to chronic migraine, but once diagnosed patients tend to rely entirely on medication, but medications are only part of migraine prevention.
In an interview with HT Lifestyle, Dr. K Ravishankar, specialist in headache medicine at Jaslok and Lilavati hospitals in Mumbai, said: “There is a lack of awareness about the condition migraine, which makes people not understand their main symptoms. It is important to know the characteristics of migraine in order to avoid this condition Recurrent disabling headaches accompanied by nausea and vomiting caused by light and noise and other environmental factors are important things to be aware of, and headaches lasting longer than 24 hours should be properly investigated. It is also important to know that migraine is a hereditary tendency and that the predisposition to recurrent headaches is transmitted through genes.”
According to Dr. Jagdish B Agadi, Senior Consultant Neurologist at the Apollo Hospital in Seshadripuram in Bangalore, tries to present the maximum number of patients with migraines as yet another headache that leads to diagnosis failure or misdiagnosis. He said: “About 30-40 percent of patients who suffer from migraines mistake their condition for something else, delaying their diagnosis and moving on to treatment. Sometimes a low-frequency headache can develop into a high-frequency headache and high-frequency headaches.” headaches to a chronic migraine. Patients tend to overuse the drugs and can easily progress to the headaches from drug overuse.”
He suggested, “Some of the preventive measures are to accurately identify the triggers of migraine. In addition, it is important to educate patients about these triggers, drug failures and the importance of adherence to preventive drugs. When patients understand the importance of Early intervention helps them find better ways to manage this condition With the right diagnosis, accurate treatment and lifestyle changes, the quality of life of migraineurs can be significantly improved. Consultation with a neurologist for treatment is paramount importance because it directs the patient towards an integrated treatment approach based on the severity of the condition.”
Identifying triggers is crucial to prevent migraine attacks. Avoiding these triggers requires making healthy lifestyle choices.
dr. JD Mukherji, chief executive and chief of neurology at Max Healthcare at Saket in Delhi, said: “Loss of consciousness, drowsiness and convulsions are clear warning signs of an underlying serious illness. Unfortunately, not many people know that migraines can be controlled 80-90%. Healthy lifestyle choices, such as avoiding late nights, food items such as cheese and chocolates, and irregular eating habits combined with preventative medications can reduce and prevent the severity of migraine pain.”
He added: “There can also be external or environmental factors, such as a change in the weather or barometric pressure that can influence migraine patterns. High temperatures, high humidity and even rainy days can cause severe headaches. Going indoors or changing the room temperature can minimize the effect of the harsh environment.It is also important for a person to avoid flashing lights, the bright sun or loud noises, as these are common sensory stimuli that can trigger migraine attacks.
Sex-linked differences in migraine
The prevalence of migraines in women is twice as high as in men. The hormonal changes in women cause severe migraines and sometimes they also suffer from menstrual migraines. While exercise can regulate migraines due to estrogen fluctuations, excessive physical exertion can also trigger migraines. According to specialists, moderate aerobic exercise or lightweight exercises like yoga can prevent or make migraines less severe for both men and women. In addition, exercise relieves stress, a major trigger for severe migraine attacks. Since migraines and stress go hand in hand, it is important to manage personal and professional time wisely and avoid overloading.
Taking a migraine-induced headache off your shoulders with a pain reliever is a short-term solution. If left untreated, it can have serious adverse effects on a person’s quality of life. Therefore, early diagnosis is crucial. Migraine is a chronic neurological condition, but it can be treated well with timely treatment. Being mindful and making some lifestyle changes can make for an almost “migraine-free” life.