The Ministry of Health has issued a warning with recommendations and precautions to avoid accidents that could cause burns during the traditional June festivals, which are very popular across the country. Special care should be taken in environments where burns from hot liquids, flames and fireworks are common.
Between January and April this year, 3,540 hospital procedures and 32,631 outpatient visits were recorded in Brazil for burn injuries.
According to the ministry, it is common in June to increase the number of cases, and the prevalence is second-degree burns, with an emphasis on injuries to the upper limbs (hands and arms), trunk and head.
According to the World Health Organization (WHO), about 180,000 people die each year from burns, the fifth most common cause of non-fatal injuries in children. Non-fatal burns can cause prolonged hospitalization, disfigurement and disability, often resulting in scarring and rejection.
A total of 48 facilities have been qualified by the Unified Health System (SUS) as reference centers for burn care, in addition to offering the procedures, drugs, orthoses, prosthetics, specialty materials and examinations needed to assist victims.
According to the Ministry of Health, in case of burns, the patient should immediately put the burnt part under cold running water with a gentle jet for about ten minutes. Wet and cold compresses are also indicated.
If dust or insects are present, cover the burn with a clean, damp cloth. In the case of burns to large areas of the body from chemicals or electricity, the person needs immediate medical attention.
It is important never to touch the burn with your hands; nor pierce bubbles; try to loosen any tissue clinging to the burned skin, or remove any foreign objects or fat from the burned area. Butter, coffee powder, toothpaste or other substances should not be applied to the burn. The Ministry of Health reminds that only the health professional knows what to apply to the affected area.
At parties, it is also necessary to handle drinks and food with high temperatures and not to play near fire to avoid burns from flames and respiratory problems from smoke inhalation.
It is also important to be careful when using flammable products, such as 70% alcohol (in liquid or gel form), not to handle the product near fire and to keep it out of the reach of children.
Other recommendations are to avoid smoking indoors, especially when lying down, when lighting matches, keep the toothpick away from your face so you don’t bump your hair or eyebrows, and when lighting candles, make sure you are away from flammable products, gas cylinders, solvents or substances.
In the event of electrical burns, it is necessary to unplug or turn off the power. It is also recommended to use a protector in the sockets of the house. Possible gas leaks should be investigated regularly and children should be kept away from the kitchen while preparing food. The handles and handles of pans, which must be in good condition, must always face the stove.
When bathing, it is good to test the water temperature with the back of your hand before wetting the child, who should always stay away from cleaning agents. It is also recommended to use a protector in the sockets of the house.