After a certain age, it is advisable to undergo regular health checks or medical examinations. But many of us never prioritize these tests because of our busy schedules. Those over the age of 45 should have an annual health check and those between the ages of 35 and 45 should have a health check every three or four years. Such tests help in early diagnosis and in taking necessary precautions.
Depending on the individual’s health condition, the doctors will prescribe the necessary checkups. But in general, these are the essential health checks that one should do.
Blood Pressure: Blood pressure is the pressure of circulating blood against the walls of blood vessels. High blood pressure can often lead to heart disease, kidney disease, and stroke. The normal blood pressure level is 120/80 mmHg. Young people also suffer from high blood pressure due to their unhealthy lifestyle. People over the age of 18 should have their blood pressure checked regularly to make sure it is normal.
» Prostate Specific Antigen (PSA) Test: Prostate cancer is a disease that affects about one in eight men. The PSA test can detect the onset of this cancer early and provide the necessary solutions. Men over the age of 50 should take this test every year. Those with prostate problems in the family should start monitoring at age 40.
» Thyroid Test: The thyroid is a hormone that regulates metabolism, energy levels, and nervous system functions in the body. It’s under the Adam’s apple, along the front of the trachea. Overproduction and underproduction of the thyroid gland can lead to weight gain, weight loss and fatigue. High thyroid and low thyroid can lead to infertility in men. Therefore, thyroid levels should be checked periodically. People over the age of 50 who are at risk for heart disease should have regular EKG and treadmill checkups every year. Patients with diabetes should have a creatine and urine test every year to ensure kidney health.
» Diabetes control: If your family has a history of obesity or diabetes, you probably have diabetes. As you get older, the risk of diabetes increases. People over the age of 40 should have their blood sugar levels checked through tests such as fasting blood sugar, postprandial blood sugar, and HbA1c. If you have diabetes in your family, make sure you start your checkups from the age of 30. Early diabetes testing can also help reduce organ damage. High blood sugar can lead to heart disease, kidney damage, vision loss and neurological complications.
» Lipid Profile: Adults over the age of 35 are required to have their cholesterol checked every five years. People with diabetes, smoking, a body mass index over 30, and a family history of stroke and high cholesterol should begin this test in their 20s. High cholesterol increases the risk of heart attack and stroke. People with heart problems should also have their cholesterol checked regularly.