Russian President Vladimir Putin blamed “selfish actions” by Western countries for the economic crisis triggered by sanctions and called for the Brazil-Russia-India-China-South Africa (BRICS) group to be strengthened with other countries conduct an “independent policy”. at a virtual summit of BRICS leaders hosted by China, Prime Minister Narendra Modi and other leaders discussed the situation in Ukraine and Afghanistan on Thursday.
While Prime Minister Modi focused on BRICS’ importance in the post-pandemic global economic recovery, Chinese President Xi Jinping also called on members to reject the “cold war mentality” and oppose what he called the “unilateral sanctions” of the US and the EU.
The statement from the Beijing summit states that BRICS countries are recalling their national positions, as expressed at the United Nations in recent months.
“We support the talks between Russia and Ukraine. We also discussed our concerns about the humanitarian situation in and around Ukraine and expressed our support for the efforts of the UN Secretary-General, the UN agencies and the ICRC to provide humanitarian assistance in accordance with the Basic Principles of Humanity, neutrality and impartiality,” said the minister. BRICS statement said.
When discussing terrorism and terror cooperation, the BRICS said that only the UN Security Council has the power to impose sanctions.
On Afghanistan, the BRICS called for “Afghan authorities to achieve national reconciliation through dialogue and negotiations, and to establish a broad, inclusive and representative political structure”, adding that Afghan territory should not are used to harbor terrorists or attack any other country. †
This was the leaders’ first such meeting since the invasion of Ukraine on February 24 and comes just days before the G-7 summit in Germany, which will also include Prime Minister Modi and South African President Ramaphosa, which will see Western countries expected to deliberate on tougher sanctions against Russia.
Speaking at the inaugural meeting of the BRICS summit, which will be followed by Friday meetings, an outreach session with a number of “BRICS plus” countries and key agreements to be signed, Prime Minister Modi said that BRICS countries have a “very similar view on the governance of the global economy”, and praised “practical” cooperation in a number of areas, including the New Development Bank, a satellite agreement, a Covid Research and Development Center set up in South Africa, and mutual recognition of pharmaceuticals, including COVID vaccines and medicines within BRICS countries.
Although Prime Minister Modi has not held direct bilateral talks with Chinese President Xi since the PLA violations in April 2020, India and China have attended several multilateral meetings of the BRICS, SCO and G-20 together. The prime minister also made no mention of cooperation against terrorism in his opening address, which is important given China’s decision last week to block an India-US proposal to appoint Latvian deputy head Abdul Makki to the UN Security Council.
In his remarks, Mr Putin made a covert attack on the US and European countries to “use financial mechanisms” and to “shift their own mistakes in economic policy” to the rest of the world. “Only on the basis of fair and mutually beneficial cooperation can we look for ways out of this crisis situation, which has developed in the global economy because of the ill-considered, selfish actions of certain states,” Putin said.
Following the accusation, Mr Xi said the BRICS grouping of emerging economies in the developing world should encourage “true multilateralism” in the world and “encourage the world to reject the Cold War and bloc confrontation mentality, oppose unilateral sanctions and abuse of sanctions, and reject the small circles built around hegemonism by forming one big family belonging to a community with a shared future for humanity.”
Beijing has tightened its cooperation with Moscow in the months following the invasion of Ukraine and has committed to a no-limits partnership. China also abstained or voted for Russia on a number of Western-led resolutions at the United Nations, where India, Brazil and South Africa also abstained. Meanwhile, China and India have emerged as the top buyers of Russian oil and coal, which have been banned by the US for the past four months and restricted by the European Union for the past four months.
In his comments, Mr Xi suggested a 4-point plan of cooperation for BRICS countries and those from Asia, Africa and South America who will participate in the proceedings tomorrow, including the need for “equality and justice” in multilateral organizations, a strong , joint Covid response, joining forces for economic recovery and keeping supply chains safe, and increased investment in poverty reduction, education, health and food security.