Areas include end-of-life battery solutions for the battery ecosystem, including battery collection, testing and evaluation, remanufacturing, recycling and production of battery materials
As part of its commitment to reduce its carbon footprint year after year and achieve carbon neutrality by 2050, Toyota Motor North America (Toyota) has embarked on a mission to create a sustainable, closed battery ecosystem for its electrified powertrains. This mission is not only focused on collecting, testing and recycling batteries into raw materials to create a sustainable supply chain, but also aims to develop a second life for remanufactured and recycled Toyota batteries for hybrid electric vehicles by using creating battery health screening tools and amplifying data from its vehicles.
In connection with these goals, Toyota and Redwood Materials (Redwood) will explore a range of end-of-life battery solutions for Toyota’s proposed battery ecosystem. Initially, this collaboration will focus on the collection, testing and recycling of Toyota hybrid electric vehicle batteries. The companies will then seek to expand into other areas, such as battery health screening and data management, battery material remanufacturing and supply across North America.
“We are excited to partner with Redwood Materials to find solutions for our electrified end-of-life powertrains that contribute to our vision of creating a sustainable, circular battery ecosystem,” said Christopher Yang, group vice president of business development at Toyota. “We are committed to developing sustainable solutions that enable our batteries to provide value beyond the initial lifecycle of an electric vehicle. This also contributes to our carbon neutrality goals and our mission to build a more sustainable world for all.”
Redwood Materials is reducing the environmental footprint and cost of lithium-ion batteries by offering large-scale sources of household anode and cathode materials produced from recycled batteries. Redwood annually receives over ~6 GWh of waste batteries for recycling, which are then refined and converted into critical battery materials. The company plans to increase production of anode and cathode components in the US to 100 GWh per year by 2025, enough to produce more than one million electric vehicles per year. Together, Toyota and Redwood will explore ways to seamlessly integrate battery recycling through the production of household battery materials into Toyota’s battery manufacturing strategy, starting with North America.
“Toyota paved the way for clean transportation with the introduction of the Toyota Prius more than 20 years ago. Their commitment to not only sell millions of electrified vehicles this decade, but also to ensure their circularity in the future is a critical step for electrification,” said JB Straubel, founder and CEO of Redwood Materials. “Redwood and Toyota’s shared vision to reduce carbon footprints and reduce transportation costs will continue to accelerate adoption and access to electric vehicles.”
Toyota’s production plans include production of new and upgraded automotive batteries in the United States. Toyota recently announced a $1.29 billion investment in a new North American battery manufacturing facility, Toyota Battery Manufacturing, North Carolina (TBMNC). Upon completion, TBMNC is expected to produce battery packs for 1.2 million electric vehicles per year. Toyota expects to sell eight million electric vehicles worldwide by 2030 and invest $70 billion in their development.