What are the Different Types of Headaches? Causes, Treatment and Triggers

Headaches are a common condition that many of us have already dealt with multiple times in our daily routine (Representative Image: Shutterstock)

Headaches are a common condition that many of us have already dealt with multiple times in our daily routine (Representative Image: Shutterstock)

Headache is a throbbing, uncomfortable and constant pain in the head or face

Headaches are a common condition that many of us have faced multiple times in our daily routine. It is a throbbing, uncomfortable and constant pain in the head or face. The World Health Organization ranks headaches among the top 10 causes of disability, in women, headaches are in the top 5 with an impact comparable to arthritis and diabetes and worse than asthma.

There are different types of headaches:

  • tension headache
  • Cluster headache
  • Migraine
  • Hemicrania continua
  • ice pick headache
  • Thunderclap headache

According to the National Center for Biotechnology Information, about 95% of the general population has experienced headaches at some point in their lives, with a one-year prevalence of nearly one in two adults.

Headaches start in the nerves of the muscles and blood vessels that surround your head and face. The muscles or blood vessels swell or tighten or put pressure on the surrounding nerves, causing a headache. Migraines, on the other hand, occur in people whose nervous systems are more sensitive. The WHO says that migraines affect at least 1 in 7 adults in the world. Triggers leading to headaches and migraines can be anything from alcohol consumption to depression to poor posture etc.

What often causes headaches?

  • Hormonal changes in women
  • Tension
  • Sleep changes
  • Bad attitude
  • bright lights
  • Loud music

It is said that most young people already suffer from headaches by the time they start high school.

A headache with a fever or pain that prevents you from sleeping peacefully at night should get medical attention as soon as possible. Your doctor can help you with treatment once you’ve identified your triggers. Stress management can also help you deal with the trigger more effectively.

Is it possible to get rid of headaches?

Headaches can be relieved by treating health conditions that cause them. However, there is no one-size-fits-all cure for primary headaches, but there are several effective treatments that can help you manage your symptoms.

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