The government of Jammu and Kashmir has asked pilgrims to take precautions ahead of the start of the annual pilgrimage to Amarnath. According to the report in ANI, more than 90 pilgrims lost their lives during the Char Dam Yatra in Uttarakhand since it started on May 3 this year, due to heart attack, mountain sickness and other reasons.
A heart attack, also called a myocardial infarction, occurs when part of the heart muscle does not get enough blood. The more time that passes without treatment to restore blood flow, the greater the damage to the heart muscle.
Livemint spoke to Dr. Chandrashekhar Kulkarni on the possible causes of heart attack and what people can do to prevent sudden heart attacks. dr. Chandrashekhar Kulkarni is Consultant, Cardiovascular and Thoracic Surgery [CVTS] at the Global Hospital, Pearl, Mumbai.
What can people do to prevent sudden heart attacks?
– Baseline Test: Lipid Profile
– Stress Test: Treadmill Test
– Check whether a patient has diabetes or not
Anyone over the age of 35 can take the above tests. if the tests came back negative, repeat every 5 years. If someone is positive, seek medical attention.
Causes of a heart attack
Nutritional Causes: Deficiency of vitamin B12 (common in pure vegetarian and vegan), vitamin D3 and elevated levels of apolipoprotein A.
screening: CT scan patient with vague symptoms such as – Breathless chest pain (especially after lunch or dinner) acidity problem (not often relived). Patients at risk should carry aspirin and sorbitrate according to medical advice
What could be possible causes?
These are possible causes of heart attack in humans.
- Smoking, alcohol, obesity in the calorie diet, blood pressure diabetes, genetic history, stress.
- Chest pain that may feel like pressure, tightness, pain, squeezing or aches, Pain or discomfort that spreads to the shoulder or sometimes the upper abdomen.
- Dizziness or sudden lightheadedness and stress.
Increased heart disease in women
In addition, today we are witnessing increased heart disease in women, which is again attributed to increased smoking, obesity and heavy alcohol consumption.
Following and adhering to medical advice during an emergency can lead to a reduction in complications and sudden death.