WHO releases five critical measures to prevent the spread of infection

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Geneva, first published June 6, 2022, 11:56 am IST

The World Health Organization has released critical methods to limit the spread of monkeypox following an exceptional epidemic in multiple countries. Monkeypox has been documented in about 700 cases around the world to date. Monkeypox is known to spread when infected people, clothing or bedding come into close physical contact.

“This is crucial because we are in a scenario where we can use public health tools for early detection,” a WHO official explained the key measures to combat the transmission of monkeypox.

The following are the critical measures according to WHO to prevent the spread of Monkeypox:

1) According to a WHO official, the first approach is to improve the knowledge of what monkey pox is and isn’t, and to increase surveillance.

2) “The second is to prevent person-to-person transmission of monkeypox; we can do this in non-endemic countries.” And this is especially important because we are in a situation where we can use public health tools like early detection, case isolation, assisted isolation cases, talking to communities, listening to communities and reaching out to communities to be part of the solution” the official said.

3) “Protecting the frontline workers”, says the third point. “Anyone who collects samples for testing or to care for people wants to make sure they have all the necessary information and safety equipment. We want to use all available countermeasures.”

4) “Fourthly, we must take countermeasures; there are antivirals and vaccinations, but we must use them correctly and fairly for those most at risk,” the WHO official said.

5) “Finally, the main goal is to improve our understanding of monkeypox. So we have a big global summit to talk about R&D and research on everything from epidemiology to diagnostics, therapies and vaccines.”

Let’s understand monkey pox:
The most common symptoms of monkey pox are fever, body aches, chills, and exhaustion. In people with more serious conditions, a rash and lesions may appear on the face and hands and spread to other parts of the body. Monkeypox is similar to smallpox, although the symptoms are less severe. Countries stopped mass immunization programs after smallpox was declared eradicated in 1980, which some scientists believe is now helping to spread monkeypox because there is little broad immunity against similar diseases. Smallpox vaccinations also protect monkeypox.

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Last updated on June 6, 2022, 11:57 AM IST

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